Seed: What’s in the Numbers?
Seed serves as a remarkable means of plant propagation, particularly in terms of commercial application of plant material. It ships well, it stores well, and large scale establishment can be achieved relatively quickly at low cost. In the turfgrass industry, it is most typical that the cool-season species are propagated by seed whereas the warm-season turfgrass species are propagated vegetatively through either sprigs or sod. While there are exceptions to this general tendency, i.e. vegetatively propagated cool-season species and seeded warm-season species, for the most part, our industry utilizes seed to establish cool-season turfgrass species like bentgrass, perennial ryegrass, tall fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, and fine fescues, while vegetative propagation is commonly utilized for warm-season species like bermudagrass, St. Augustinegrass, zoysiagrass, and seashore paspalum.